Copying and backing up your WordPress site is a crucial aspect of website management, ensuring you can recover your data in case of issues or make a duplicate for testing or migration purposes. Here’s a comprehensive guide on how to copy and backup your WordPress site:
1. Using a WordPress Backup Plugin:
Install a Backup Plugin:
- Install a reputable backup plugin like UpdraftPlus, BackupBuddy, or All-in-One WP Migration from the WordPress plugin repository.
Configure the Plugin:
- Follow the plugin’s setup wizard to configure your backup settings. Typically, you can choose to back up your site’s files, database, or both.
Schedule Regular Backups:
- Set up a schedule for automatic backups. Daily or weekly backups ensure you always have a recent copy of your site.
Perform Manual Backups:
- Most backup plugins allow you to create manual backups. Before making significant changes to your site, perform a manual backup for added security.
Store Backups Offsite:
- Save backups to an offsite location, such as cloud storage or your computer. This provides an extra layer of protection in case your server experiences issues.
2. Copying Your WordPress Site:
Use a Migration Plugin:
- If you want to copy your site for testing or move it to a new server, migration plugins like All-in-One WP Migration or Duplicator are handy. Install and activate the plugin.
Export Your Site:
- With the migration plugin activated, navigate to its settings and export your site. This generates a file containing all your site’s content, themes, plugins, and configurations.
Download or Store the Exported File:
- Once the export is complete, download the file to your computer or save it to your preferred cloud storage.
Install WordPress on the Target Server:
- Set up a new WordPress installation on the server where you want to copy your site. Ensure you have a fresh database for the new site.
Import Your Site:
- Upload the exported file to the new server using the migration plugin. Follow the plugin’s instructions to import your site. This process will recreate your entire site on the new server.
Update Permalinks and Site URL:
- After importing, log in to the new site’s WordPress admin panel and update the permalinks. Additionally, ensure the site URL is correct in the settings to avoid broken links.
3. Manual Backup and Copy:
Access Your Server via FTP:
- Use an FTP client to connect to your server. Navigate to the root directory of your WordPress installation.
- Copy all the files in your WordPress directory to your computer. This includes the wp-content folder, which contains themes, plugins, and uploads.
- Use phpMyAdmin or a similar tool provided by your hosting provider to export your WordPress database. Save the exported SQL file to your computer.
Transfer Files to New Server:
- Upload the copied files to the root directory of your new server. Import the database to the new server using phpMyAdmin.
- In the new server, update the wp-config.php file with the new database details.
Update Permalinks and Site URL:
- Log in to the new site’s WordPress admin panel and update the permalinks. Ensure the site URL is correct.
By following these steps, you can easily copy and backup your WordPress site, whether for testing, migration, or general data security. Regular backups and careful copying ensure you can restore or replicate your site whenever needed.